What are the differences between macrame string, cord, rope and braided cord?

Navigating the world of macramé supplies can sometimes feel like deciphering a complex language, especially when it comes to understanding the differences between macramé string, cord, rope, and braided cord. Each type of material brings its own texture, strength, and aesthetic to the craft, making your choice crucial to the project’s outcome. In this guide, we’ll unravel these differences, providing clarity on how each option can enhance your macramé creations, from intricate wall hangings to robust plant hangers, ensuring you select the perfect material for your artistic vision.


What Is Macrame?

Macramé is a form of textile art that is crafted using knotting techniques rather than weaving or knitting. Its origins trace back to the 13th-century Arabic weavers who used decorative knots to finish the fringes of hand-loomed fabrics. The art form later spread throughout Europe and eventually gained popularity in the Victorian era before experiencing a revival in the 1970s as a bohemian craft trend.

Key Characteristics of Macramé:

  • Knotting Techniques: Unlike other textile arts, macramé is primarily focused on various types of knots. These can range from basic knots such as the square knot and the hitch, to more complex ones like the diagonal clove hitch, each creating different textures and patterns.
  • Versatility: Macramé can be used to make everything from small accessories like jewelry and purses to larger home décor items such as wall hangings, curtains, and plant hangers. It’s also commonly used in making furniture pieces like hammocks and chair backs.
  • Materials Used: Traditionally, macramé is done using various types of cords, strings, and ropes made from cotton, hemp, jute, or synthetic materials. Each material offers different benefits and aesthetics to the projects.

The Appeal of Macramé:

  • Aesthetic Value: Macramé adds a unique and creative touch to home decor, providing an earthy and organic charm that complements a variety of decorating styles, from rustic to modern minimalist.
  • Mindfulness and Relaxation: The process of knotting can be quite meditative and therapeutic. Many people find the repetitive motions of macramé knotting to be a relaxing hobby that helps reduce stress.
  • Accessibility and Community: Macramé is relatively easy to learn and requires minimal tools, making it accessible to beginners. It also has a strong community presence online where crafters share projects, tips, and patterns.

Macramé continues to be popular in contemporary craft circles not only due to its decorative potential but also because of its ability to imbue spaces with a handmade, personalized touch. As we delve deeper into the types of materials used in macramé, it becomes clear that the choice of string, cord, rope, or braided cord can significantly influence the style and functionality of the finished piece.

Tools For Macrame

Macramé, while rooted in the simplicity of knotting, does require a few essential tools and accessories that help crafters achieve precise and intricate designs. Whether you’re a beginner looking to start your first project or an experienced artisan refining your skills, understanding the tools necessary for macramé can greatly enhance your crafting experience. Here’s a rundown of the key tools used in macramé and how they contribute to the art form:

Essential Tools for Macramé:

  • Macramé Board or Pin Board: A macramé board or a simple corkboard is crucial for holding your project in place while you work. Pins can be used to secure the cords, allowing for more precise and tight knotting. This tool is especially useful for complex patterns or large projects that require stability.
  • Cord or Rope Cutters: Sharp scissors or specialized cord cutters are needed to achieve clean cuts on your macramé cords. Frayed or jagged ends can complicate the knotting process and detract from the finished look of the project.
  • Measuring Tape: Accuracy is key in macramé, especially if your design involves repeating patterns or multiple pieces of the same length. A measuring tape ensures that all your cord pieces are cut to the exact length required, maintaining consistency throughout the piece.
  • T-Pins or Straight Pins: These are used to secure the macramé cord to the board as you work. T-pins are particularly useful because they are sturdy and can handle the tension of the cords without bending.
  • Hooks and Rings: Depending on the project, you may need various hooks and rings to serve as mounting or hanging points. These can be simple key rings, curtain rings, or even decorative brass or wooden rings, which add both functionality and an aesthetic element to the project.
  • Combs and Brushes: For projects that involve fringing, such as wall hangings or plant hangers, small combs or brushes are used to unravel and fluff the cord ends. This adds a soft, textured finish to the work.

Additional Helpful Accessories:

  • S-Hooks or Clothespins: These are handy for hanging your work in progress, allowing you to step back and view the project from a distance. They also make it easier to work on larger pieces without straining the upper body.
  • L-Square or Ruler: For geometric projects that require precise angles and straight lines, an L-square or a long ruler can be invaluable.
  • Knitting Needles or Dowel Rods: Used for creating openings or loops within the macramé piece, these tools help in forming even and consistent spaces in the patterns.

Understanding and assembling the right tools before starting a macramé project can make the process smoother and more enjoyable. Each tool plays a specific role in aiding the creation of beautiful, uniform knots and ensuring the final piece is polished and professional. Whether it’s managing the length and cut of the cords or maintaining the tension during knotting, the correct tools are indispensable in bringing your macramé vision to life.

Macrame String

Macramé string is a foundational material in the craft of macramé, known for its sleek and smooth texture, which allows for fine detail and intricate patterns in projects. Unlike thicker cords or ropes, macramé string is typically composed of single twisted strands or several small strands that are not twisted together, offering a delicate and sometimes shiny appearance. Understanding the nuances of macramé string can help crafters choose the right type for their specific projects.

Characteristics of Macramé String

  • Material: Macramé string is often made from cotton, which is soft to the touch and easy to work with. It can also be found in synthetic materials like polyester or nylon, which offer increased durability and color retention.
  • Diameter: Typically thinner than macramé rope, macramé string usually ranges from about 1mm to 3mm in diameter, making it ideal for smaller projects that require fine, detailed knotting.
  • Texture: The smooth texture of macramé string not only contributes to the aesthetic quality of the finished piece but also makes the knotting process easier and allows for tighter, more consistent knots.

Uses of Macramé String

  • Jewelry Making: Due to its thin and flexible nature, macramé string is perfect for crafting intricate macramé jewelry such as bracelets, necklaces, and earrings. Its ability to hold small beads and detailed knotting techniques makes it a favorite choice among jewelry crafters.
  • Small Home Décor Items: Macramé string is also suitable for smaller home décor projects like coasters, bookmarks, or small wall hangings. Its fine lines lend a delicate touch to any décor item.
  • Intricate Wall Art: For artists who specialize in detailed macramé wall art, macramé string provides the precision needed for elaborate designs that feature complex patterns and textures.

Advantages of Macramé String

  • Flexibility: Its flexibility makes it easy to manipulate and knot, which is especially important for beginners or those working on complex designs.
  • Aesthetic Appeal: Macramé string often comes in a variety of colors and sometimes even dyed gradients, allowing for vibrant, visually appealing projects that stand out.
  • Finer Detail: The thinness of macramé string supports intricate knotting techniques that would not be as feasible with thicker ropes or cords, perfect for projects requiring a high level of detail.

Maintenance and Care

  • Washing: Most cotton macramé strings are washable, which is convenient for items that need cleaning, such as wearable art or decorative pieces that accumulate dust.
  • Handling: While working, keeping macramé string free from tangles and knots is crucial, as its finer structure can lead to snarls that are difficult to undo without damage.

Macramé string is an essential material for anyone looking to create delicate, detailed, and decorative macramé projects. Its versatility and aesthetic qualities make it a popular choice for both novice and experienced macramé artists alike, capable of transforming simple knots into intricate art.

Macrame Cord

Macramé cord is one of the most commonly used materials in the craft of macramé, preferred for its versatility, strength, and the textural quality it lends to projects. Unlike the finer macramé string, macramé cord typically consists of multiple twisted or braided strands, making it sturdier and suitable for a variety of uses from functional items to decorative pieces.

Characteristics of Macramé Cord

  • Material Composition: Macramé cords are most often made from cotton, hemp, jute, or synthetic fibers like polyester and nylon. Each material brings different qualities to the table; for instance, cotton offers softness and flexibility, while hemp provides strength and durability.
  • Thickness: Macramé cords can vary greatly in thickness, generally ranging from about 3mm to 6mm. This thickness makes them ideal for projects that require bulk and substance.
  • Structure: The cords may be either twisted or braided. Twisted cords are made by twisting multiple strands together, offering a traditional look with a spiral texture, while braided cords consist of several strands interwoven for a flat or rounded appearance that is especially durable and fray-resistant.

Uses of Macramé Cord

  • Plant Hangers and Hammocks: The robust nature of macramé cords makes them perfect for creating plant hangers or hammocks that need to support weight. Their structural integrity ensures that these items remain safe and secure.
  • Wall Hangings and Rugs: Macramé cords are also extensively used in making wall hangings or rugs that benefit from the cord’s volume and texture, adding a tactile quality to the aesthetic.
  • Furniture: Some macramé enthusiasts extend their skills to create furniture pieces such as chairs and tables using macramé cords, capitalizing on the cord’s ability to hold substantial weight.

Advantages of Macramé Cord

  • Durability: Macramé cords are highly durable and can withstand wear and tear, making them suitable for both indoor and outdoor projects.
  • Ease of Use: The structure and stiffness of macramé cords make them easy to knot and untangle, which is beneficial for beginners or those working on large projects.
  • Aesthetic Variety: Available in various colors and sometimes patterns, macramé cords can be used to create visually striking designs without the need for additional decoration.

Maintenance and Care

  • Cleaning: Macramé cords made from materials like cotton or synthetic fibers are generally easy to clean with soap and water, though it’s important to check the care instructions specific to the material used.
  • Storage: Proper storage is crucial to avoid kinks and tangles, especially for thicker cords. Keeping them rolled or hung can help maintain their shape and quality.

Macramé cord is a staple material in the macramé crafting community due to its structural qualities and adaptability. Its ability to be molded into both utilitarian and decorative items makes it a favorite choice for crafters looking to explore different aspects of this knotting art. Whether creating something simple for home use or undertaking a complex project with functional requirements, macramé cord offers the strength and aesthetic needed to bring creative visions to life.


Macrame Rope

Macramé rope is favored for projects that require bulk, strength, and a distinct rustic aesthetic. Unlike macramé cord and string, macramé rope is generally thicker and made up of many fibers twisted or braided together, making it ideal for larger, structural projects that need to withstand greater weight and use.

Characteristics of Macramé Rope

  • Material: Macramé ropes are typically made from natural fibers like cotton, jute, sisal, or synthetic fibers such as nylon and polypropylene. Each material brings specific properties to the rope, such as softness, durability, or resistance to weather conditions.
  • Thickness: Ropes used in macramé can range from about 4mm to over 10mm in thickness, providing a sturdy base for crafting larger items.
  • Texture: Macramé ropes tend to have a coarser, more pronounced texture compared to cords and strings. This texture not only adds a tactile element to the finished project but also enhances grip and knot stability.

Uses of Macramé Rope

  • Furniture: The sturdiness of macramé rope makes it suitable for constructing furniture items like chairs, benches, or even beds that require a stable, weight-bearing structure.
  • Large Wall Hangings: For dramatic, large-scale wall art, macramé rope is an excellent choice. Its bulk allows for the creation of bold patterns and textures that can serve as a focal point in interior decor.
  • Outdoor Décor: Due to its often robust and weather-resistant nature, especially with synthetic fibers, macramé rope is ideal for outdoor decorations like garden swings, outdoor hammocks, or patio accents.

Advantages of Macramé Rope

  • Durability and Strength: Macramé rope is designed to hold up under stress, making it perfect for items that will bear weight or endure frequent handling.
  • Visual Impact: The substantial thickness and rich texture of macramé rope bring a strong visual impact to any project, making statements through both size and style.
  • Versatility: While often used in larger projects, macramé rope can also be unraveled at the ends to create fringes, adding a softer, more decorative finish to the work.

Maintenance and Care

  • Cleaning: Depending on the material, macramé ropes can often be cleaned with mild detergents and water. Natural fibers may require more gentle handling to avoid fraying or shrinking.
  • Storage: To prevent deformation or tangling, macramé ropes should be coiled or spooled when not in use. Storing in a dry environment will also help maintain the integrity of natural fibers.

Macramé rope’s combination of visual appeal and functional strength makes it a popular choice for crafters looking to tackle larger, more ambitious projects. Its use in macramé offers a blend of traditional craft with contemporary design, suitable for both functional objects and striking decorative pieces. Whether for indoor elegance or outdoor robustness, macramé rope provides the necessary qualities to bring creative and practical designs to life.

Macrame Braided Cord

Macramé braided cord stands out in the realm of macramé materials for its unique construction and aesthetic appeal. Unlike the more common twisted ropes and cords, braided cord consists of several strands interwoven together, creating a flat or rounded profile that is both visually distinctive and functional. This type of cord is highly valued for its strength, flexibility, and the smooth texture it offers, making it ideal for both beginners and experienced crafters.

Characteristics of Macramé Braided Cord

  • Material: Most commonly made from cotton, polyester, or a blend of synthetic fibers, braided cords offer durability and a softer feel, which can be more comfortable to work with compared to other fibers.
  • Structure: The braided structure provides a uniform thickness and offers excellent load-bearing capacity, which enhances its use in projects requiring weight support.
  • Flexibility: Braided cords are typically more flexible than twisted cords, allowing for tighter and more consistent knots. This flexibility also makes them easier to manipulate into intricate designs.

Uses of Macramé Braided Cord

  • Jewelry and Fashion Accessories: The sleek, refined look of braided cord makes it perfect for creating fashionable macramé jewelry like bracelets, necklaces, and belts. Its smooth texture is gentle on the skin, making it ideal for wearable items.
  • Home Décor: Braided cord is used in crafting elegant home décor items such as curtain ties, coasters, and sophisticated wall hangings. Its ability to form flat knots and weaves adds a touch of class and modernity to any décor style.
  • Pet Accessories: Strong and durable, braided cord is also suitable for making pet leashes and collars. Its softness ensures comfort for the pet, while its strength ensures safety and durability.

Advantages of Macramé Braided Cord

  • Aesthetic Quality: The braided texture not only adds a decorative touch but also provides a neat, polished look to the finished projects, making them appear more professional and refined.
  • Ease of Handling: The cord’s structure prevents it from unraveling and fraying, which is a common issue with twisted cords. This makes braided cord easier to handle and maintain, especially during lengthy projects.
  • Variety of Colors and Finishes: Braided cords come in a wide range of colors and often feature gradient dyeing or interwoven metallic threads, which can enhance the visual appeal of the macramé piece without additional decoration.

Maintenance and Care

  • Cleaning: Braided cords can generally be washed with mild detergents, especially if made from synthetic materials, which helps maintain their appearance and longevity.
  • Storage: Like other macramé materials, braided cords should be stored away from direct sunlight and in a moisture-free environment to prevent degradation and maintain their color and texture.



Q1: What is the best type of macramé material for beginners?
A: For beginners, macramé cord is often recommended due to its versatility and ease of handling. It’s sturdy enough for basic projects but soft enough to knot easily.

Q2: Can all types of macramé materials be used outdoors?
A: Not all macramé materials are suitable for outdoor use. Synthetic materials like polyester or nylon are best for outdoor projects as they are more resistant to weather conditions. Natural fibers like cotton can degrade quickly outdoors unless specially treated.

Q3: How do I choose the right thickness for my macramé project?
A: The thickness of the macramé material should be chosen based on the scale and purpose of your project. Use thicker ropes for large items like hammocks or plant hangers and thinner strings or cords for delicate projects like jewelry.

Q4: Are there eco-friendly macramé materials?
A: Yes, many macramé materials are eco-friendly, especially those made from natural fibers like organic cotton, hemp, and jute. These materials are biodegradable and produced without harmful chemicals.


Understanding the differences between macramé string, cord, rope, and braided cord is crucial for selecting the right material for your projects. Each type offers unique benefits: string is perfect for delicate, detailed work; cord is versatile and beginner-friendly; rope is ideal for structural pieces requiring strength; and braided cord offers a refined look with excellent durability. By choosing the appropriate material, you can enhance both the process and the outcome of your macramé projects, ensuring that they are not only beautiful but also perfectly suited to their intended use. Whether you are a seasoned crafter or just starting out, recognizing these differences will help you master the art of macramé and expand your creative possibilities.

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